There are some funds that are called pooling funds; they are involved in insurance from a lot of entities that are insured. They are meant for paying those losses that might be incurred by someone. Therefore, the entities that are insured are secured and protected from some sort of risk for the payment of fee; in this case the fee depends upon the frequency as well as the level of severity of the happening that is occurred. For becoming a risk that is able to be insured, the risk that is insured must be agreeing with some of the specific characteristics.
Insurances being an intermediary on financial basis is some enterprise that is known commercially and also a great part of the services of finance; however, the entities are also able to go for self-insurances individually by saving some amount of money for any of the losses in future, just in case.
Insurability is the risk that has a possibility to be insured by the private firms; mostly there are seven characteristics that are commonly shared by it. They are as follows:
Great numbers of units for exposure which are similar:
Since it is a known fact that insurances are supposed to operate through the resources of pooling, therefore, most of the policies for insurances are provided for the members of larger classes on the individual basis; it allows the people who take the insurances for getting benefit from the large numbers’ law in which the losses that are predicted are supposed to be similar to the real amounts of losses. There are some of the exceptions as well; but all of the exposures will be having specific differences that might have a possibility to be lead to a variety of rates of premium.
Particular loss is actually definite loss. Such a loss occurs at a particular time which is known already in a place that is also known and the cause for such a loss is also known. The best example for defining this loss is when a person dies while being insured on a policy of life insurance. Accidents of automobiles, fire, injuries during work have a possibility to be included in the mentioned criteria easily. There are some other types of losses also; they might be just definite in their theory.
For example, some sort of occupational disease might be involving a great exposure to the conditions that are injurious where there is no specification of time, no restriction of place, no particular identification of cause, etc. In an ideal situation, there should be clearance for the time, location and the reason behind a loss; it should not be vague.
Loss due to accidents:
The loss due to accidents should be clear as well as pure and it must be resulting from such a happening for which just an opportunity for the cost available. Those happenings in which such elements are included that are speculative are not known for insurance on general basis.